According to Dr. Muzumdar, the caste system took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. This paper traces the origin of such a system via the Western, Brahmanical and Marxist theories and provides a critical analysis of the same. 403. According to this theory, the caste system is of divine origin and it is extension of the varna system.Chatura varnas were originated from the … The 4-Varna system can be seen everywhere in India. There are only four varnas whereas Jatis are around 4000. It is basically classification of people based on their occupation or position they hold in society according to which society is divided into four classes viz., Brahmans (priests or scholars having high position) , Kshatriyas (Warriors or knights), Vaishyas (traders), Shudras (unskilled workers or labourers). Historically, the caste system in India consisted of four well known categories (Varnas): Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaishyas (commerce), Shudras (workmen). A fifth group that falls outside the Varna system and is called Avarna or outcaste or untouchable also exists. Those who fall out of this system because of their grievous sins are ostracised as outcastes (untouchables) and considered outside the varna system. Brahma and Kshatra represented the poet-priest and the warrior-chief. According to Mazumdar & Madan – 'Caste is a closed class' i.e. Caste system 1. Varna is a fundamental concept underlying the Hindu society. The Varna had a pan-Indian hierarchy whereas Jati had diversified hierarchies. It is not as ancient as the slave system, and less common. Where does this system come from? According to Dr. Mazumdar, the caste system took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. The Varna system prevalent during the Vedic period was mainly based on division of labor and occupation. Certain groups, now known as Dalits, were historically excluded from the varna system altogether, and are still ostracized as untouchables. o In order to maintain their separate existence, the Indo-Aryans used for certain groups and orders of people the favorite word 'Varna,' 'Colour.' Racial Theory o According to Dr. Majumdar, the caste system took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. The records of Indo Aryan Culture contain its first mention. In the caste system of India, traditional social classes, or varnas, are arranged in a hierarchy. Introduction . In a famous passage, the metaphor of the human body was used to describe Indian society. Where Varna system is the textual model of Indian social system, Jati is the contextual view of it. The caste system is associated with Hinduism and it has been governing the Hindu society for ages. What is a “caste”? Historian of religion Ninian Smart, in referring to classical Indian culture, explains its origin and function, “[T]he caste system came to be the most striking and pervasive feature. Social stratification is found in all societies but it is difficult to find one as systematic as the Indian Varna system. Dec 14,2020 - Test: Terms, Concepts And Their Use In Sociology | 10 Questions MCQ Test has questions of Humanities/Arts preparation. WhatsApp. one can't change his own caste system by can change the class system & can be a member of many classes at the same time. "Caste" is the term used todescribe the complex system ofsocial divisions that pervades lifein India. 4194 words (17 pages) Essay . Varna system started in Vedic Period. CASTE SYSTEM. Its skeletal structure was formed during the early days of the… In Nirukta, Shri Yaskacharya evolved the word 'Varna' from the root "un" giving the meaning of choice or varna i.e. 1. Stratification has its classification and caste system is one of those basic types. The varna of classical Hinduism represents a multi-tiered hierarchical system into which Indian society was formed. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc./Kenny Chmielewski Many different hereditary castes have been traditionally subsumed under the title untouchable , each of which subscribes to the social rule of endogamy (marriage exclusively within the caste community) that governs the caste system in general. But Jati is a regional or local institution. In India, the Vedic religion has recognized only FOUR DIVISIONS – under the VARNA SYSTEM – which are “”determined”” by birth, which shoud not be taken to mean heredity. Vis comprised all the common people. Theories of origin of Caste System in India 1.Traditional Theory. kypenggospel03 kypenggospel03 4 weeks ago Sociology Secondary School +5 pts. Aahuti, Varna System and Class Struggle in Nepal, Nepal, Samata Foundation, 2014, 266 p., Traduit du népalais par Mahesh Raj Maharjan and Kiran Darnal, ISBN : 9789937837286. It finds mention in Rig Veda and Manusmriti. caste system which emerged out of the Varna system as a form of social stratification is peculiar to India and is an inseparable aspect of the Indian society. The Sanskrit word for caste is varna which means colour.The caste stratification of the Indian society had its origin in the chaturvarna system. Download PDF of This Page (Size: 98K) ↧ Varna and Jati. Some people left out of these four caste classifications were called “outcasts” or “untouchables” and were shunned and ostracized. The Varna system forms the basic structure of Hindu society. There is no comparable institution elsewhere in the world for the caste system. Ask your question. The names of jātis are usually derived from occupations, and considered to be hereditary and endogamous, but this may not always have been the case. The object of this system is to put the different powers of man of proper and productive uses in order to maintain the solid, organised and balanced state of society. According to P.v. VARNA SYSTEM. Twitter. Log in. Sociology; Caste System in India. In jati system, untouchables are an integral part of it, while in Varna system it is not. the meaning of varna is, individual chooses the work according to his nature. Sociology; An analysis of the Hindu caste system. It was when the Varna of a person was decided on the basis of his birth rather than his qualities that it became rotten. as a result of the Aryan conquest of India. Although evidences of caste are to be found in many parts of the world, the most perfect instance is that which exists in India. archanasabba - September 15, 2019. The Varna system in Dharma-shastras divides society into four varnas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishya and Shudras). The earliest known mention of caste is found in the Aryan’s Vedic hymns, perhaps dating from about 1000 B.C.E. The name of the fourth class, the ‘Sudra’, occurs only once in the Rig Veda. Origin of varna system in your own words Get the answers you need, now! Thus they spoke of the ‘Dasa varna’, or more properly the Dasa people. Varna system is extensively discussed in Dharma-shastras. Pinterest. Join now. The caste system in India is closely connected with the Hindu philosophy, religion, custom, and convention. VARNA AND JATI Andre Beteille I WOULD like to use the present occasion to discuss some important changes taking place in the caste system in our time. Sociology; Castes . colour. 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