The red appears to be more common and the reddish leaves mixed with the green ones add to the distinction and attractiveness of the tree. It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. This plant has been used in traditional medicine by local populations (Burkill, 1966; Wasuwat, 1967). 1940, TaxonName#19354. Two new andirobin-type limonoids, named sandoripin A (1) and sandoripin B (2), were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape collected in Thailand.Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis, as well as by comparison with reported data of closely related compounds. Sandoricum koetjape (Santol) is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. Villegas (l.c.) Santol is a tree growing up to 20 meters high, with softly hairy young branches and leaves. This plant has no children Legal Status. They have compound, broad leaves. Leaf Extract. is that planted in India including the Anda- mans, Burma, Indochina, the Mascarenes and the New World as well as grown under glass (in Europe. Leaves are arranged in leaflets of three. Nevertheless, some trees have ex- cellent flavour and Popenoe (l.c., quoting Webster) remarks that should seedless or semi-seedless forms be found, the sentul could “become one of the most popular of the tropical fruits.” An excellent jam has been prepared from the fruits (Barrett, l.c.) The mesocarp is the part eaten. The leaflets of the Yellow, to 6 in (15 cm) long, turn yellow when old; the flowers are pinkish-yellow in panicles to 6 in (15 cm) long; the fruit has a thin rind and the pulp is 1/4 to 1/2 in (0.6-1.25 cm) thick around the seeds and typically sweet. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. Evergreen, or very briefly deciduous, spirally-arranged leaves; compound, with 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 4 to 10 in (20-25 cm) long, blunt at the base and pointed at the apex 1. Philipp. Flowers. Both types have a skin that may be a thin peel to a thicker rind, according to the variety. 1896, Burkill, Dict. Indoch. that with robust pubescent twigs, a brown pubescent adaxial surface to the large leaves, and with many costae in the leaflets is that most frequently encountered in the Philippines and probably the only form cultivated outside Malesia, being early carried to Indochina, the Mascarenes and now increasingly in the New World, notably Costa Rica (Pennington, l.c.) J Nat Prod 54(1):241–246 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. 2, 19bl: 172, 177. Similar is reported by Pennington for two neotropical species of Trichilia. In the red variety, the underside of the leaves turn red when old, the leaves themselves are velvety underneath, and the fruit has a thicker rind, less pulp, and is typically sour. reports that the mesocarp is derived from the inner pericarp walls and as outgrowths from the endocarp, and that the indu- mentum of the drupe develops after fertilization, the ovary being glabrous. (Meliaceae) resulted in the isolation of two new limonoids. AB - Three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A, B and C, were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape and their structures, which are related to capensolactones, were elucidated by a detailed 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. In Indonesia, it’s called wild mangosteen, kecapi, or sentul. - in Philipp. ), where a robust form of it is known as ‘Manila’ which may serve as a cultivar name. Sandoricum koetjape, Santol, Meliaceae, limonoids, ethyl acetate extract, 2-acyloxysandoricin: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.677.6: Abstract: Chemical investigation of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape Merr. Fla St. Hort. The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever. Starr-091104-9037-Sandoricum koetjape-fruit and leaves on ground-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui (24961078416).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 3,69 Mio. Sandoricum indicum cav.) General Information; Symbol: SAKO4 Group: Dicot Family: Meliaceae Duration: ... Sandoricum Cav. Your Koetjape Leaf stock images are ready. Powell RG, Mikolajczak KL, Zilkowski BW, Mantus EK, Cherry D, Clardy J (1991) Limonoid antifeedants from seed of Sandoricum koetjape. More than 10 terpenoids have been isolated and studied for their potential medicinal properties. Trijugin-type skeleton. 1904, in Engl. 1898, A. Juss. Now it’s widely cultivated in warm tropical countries like Thailand, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Phillipines, tropical Africa, Mexico, dan tropical Central and South America. Show All Show Tabs. Cochinch. J. Sc. Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. Leaves 18–40 cm long; petiole 7.5–16 cm, flattened (or even wing- ed in sicco) adaxially towards the ± swollen base, subglabrous to fulvous pubescent. [12] The "Bangkok" santol, a larger variety, may be responsible for more severe cases of abdominal surgery. Juliano (ll.cc. Bark pale pinkish brown, smooth, lenticellate to peeling with round flakes; inner bark pink; sapwood pale yellow; heartwood pink or reddish. Leaf Extract. Interpreting Wetland Status. The robust form introduced to the Philippines in 1949 from Thailand was called ‘Bangkok’, compared with the original ‘Native’ (Ramirez, l.c.). - in Mém. India 1. Terpenoids represent the largest class of secondary metabolites from the natural source. Petals (4 or) 5,6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, yellowish- green or pinkish, ± pubescent without, reflexed at anthesis, apices rounded to emargi- nate. 2, 19bl. Bur. Chem. Previous chemical studies have shown that The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. Reaching a potential height of 140 feet, a mature tree in deep soil can produce thousands of fruit in a single season. 1875, Harms - in Engl. Staminal tube ± pubescent without, pilose within, pale yellow to orangeish, margin with 10 lobes acute to bifid, somewhat reflexed at anthesis; anthers (8 or) 10, 1–1.5 mm long, narrowly oblong, apiculate, ± in 2 ranks, weakly exserted. - in J. Str. Bur. Paris. The form known as 'Native' has 2n = 22, whereas the robust cultivated ‘Bangkok’ (= ‘Manila’) has 2n = 44 and is a tetraploid (Ramirez, l.c.) Leaf. 1986, Brown - in Bull. The tree is evergreen but can be considered partly deciduous since it periodically drops all of its leaves at a single time. Nat. Large, fast-growing tree from 50-150ft tall. 6: 8. 1920, Ridley - in Agr. & Lern. Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Kecapi ( Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f) Merr.) Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts. Ovary and style glabrous; stigmatic lobes c. 1.5 mm long. Fauna. Roy. Wild trees in the Malay Peninsula and eastwards to New Guinea, beyond the range of cultivation of the Red Sentol, have more delicate twigs, smaller subglabrous leaves, withering yellow, the leaflets with fewer costae and pinkish petals in rather shorter inflorescences, the fruits sweet-tasting with thinner smoother pericarp and falling when ripe. Mus. & Prantl, Nat. Santol (Sandoricum koetjape) The Santol tree (Sandoricum koetjape) is fast-growing. (Syn. Related Links. Pancharoen O, Pipatanapatikarn A, Taylor WC, Bansiddhi J (2009) Two new limonoids from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape. - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock See also, Intengan et al. There are two main varieties of santol: red and yellow. Download : Download full-size image; Previous article in issue; Next article in issue; Keywords. f.) Merr. Trees. … Soc. Str. Review It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. Agr. f., Sandoricum indicum Cav., Sandoricum maingayi Hiern.,Sandoricum nervosum Blume, Sandoricum radiatum King, Sandoricum vidalii Merr. KW - Meliaceae. Sandrapins A–C. and especially Florida (Whitman, l.c. Govt. Species: Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. Sandoricum koetjape, « santol » ou « faux mangoustanier » est une espèce asiatique d'arbres du genre Sandoricum de la famille des Meliaceae (famille de l’ acajou).. Cette espèce fut décrite pour la première fois en latin en 1768 par Nicolaas Laurens Burman sous le nom (Basionyme) de Melia koetjape dans sa Flora Indica, page 101 [1]. Hist. 1917, Burkill & Haniff - in Gard. Leaves. f., Fl. Lab. KW - Leaf. It seems to be the form originally described by N. Burman and Cavanilles, though there is considerable variation in the cultivated trees in terms of pubescence and the form and taste of the fruit. Br. MATERIALS AND METHODS The dried leaves of S. koetjape (720 g) were extracted with 95% EtOH at room temperature for several times. Booms. They are listed as vulnerable by IUCN. It is interesting to compare the origin of ‘Manila’ with the robust form of the Lansium domesticum aggregate known as ‘Kokossan’ (q.v.). 1896, Phillips et al., Guide Market Fr. Foliage: Grown for foliage. 1985, Crev. Flowers are numerous, somewhat fascicled, about 1 centimeter long, in greenish or yellowish clusters. Soc. Philipp. 1. Str. As. 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