Gnetum and related genera ... Ephedra trifurca - The stems are photosynthetic and bear whorls of small scale-like leaves. This Standard lists plants and fungi for the definition of prohibited plant or fungus in section 1.1.2—3. Plants of the Ephedra Family The Ephedras produce naked seeds like the pines, but they form on a colored, cup-like structure called a perianth. Note 2 The provisions of the Code that apply in New Zealand are incorporated in, or adopted under, the Food Act 2014 (NZ). - The ovule cones form in the axils of the whorled leaves and when mature contain ripe seeds subtended by orange fleshy bracts. Statistics. It provides access to nomenclatural, taxonomic, distributional, and biostatus data. Ephedra fragilis, commonly named the joint pine, is a species of Ephedra that is native to eastern Mediterranean region of southern Europe and Northern Africa, and from Madeira and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic.. Its habitats are rocky hills and stone walls, where it grows to 6 feet (1.8 m) tall. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for more than 2,000 years. If side effects aren't a problem, the dose can be increased, but shouldn't exceed 130 mg of ephedra (about 8 mg of ephedrine) three times a day. The Ephedra plant is strong and doesn’t require that much attention. (photo, Iain MacDonald) Ephedra sp. The stalks don’t grow any leaves. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Their extraordinary morphological diversity suggests they are the sole extant survivors of an ancient, more diverse evolutionary lineage. Most standardized extracts supply about 5.5-6.5% ephedrine (also known as 'ephedra alkaloids'). The stalks are a light green colour when young and slowly turn olive brown as the plant grows older. The Plant List includes a further 79 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Ephedra.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. website provides access to information on plant taxa that occur in New Zealand. This information is derived from the New Zealand Plant Names Database and the Allan Herbarium Specimen database. Plants of the Ephedra genus, including E. sinica and others, have traditionally been used by indigenous people for a variety of medicinal purposes, including treatment of asthma, hay fever, and the common cold. It's usual to begin with a low daily dose, such as 100 mg of ephedra (about 6 mg of ephedrine). Thus it superficially appears that these plants are an evolutionary link between the conifers and the true flowering plants. Ephedra is a medicinal preparation from the plant Ephedra sinica.Several additional species belonging to the genus Ephedra have traditionally been used for a variety of medicinal purposes, and are a possible candidate for the Soma plant of Indo-Iranian religion. Cultivating Ephedra. Prohibited plants and fungi are regulated by paragraphs 1.1.1—10(3)(a) and (4)(e) and Standard 1.4.4. The herb Ephedra is an erect, broom-like shrub that can grow up to 60cm in height. New Zealand customs officials and the New Zealand police, in relation to clandestine methamphetamine manufacture, have seized Ephedra, a plant known to contain high quantities of pseudoephedrine. The Gnetales form a monophyletic group comprised of three unusual genera of seed plants, Ephedra, Gnetum and Welwitschia. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. NZ Plants. 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