What is the Inventory Turnover Ratio? The balance sheet shows a financial picture of what a business is worth at a particular point in time—usually the end of a month. Inventory turnover is an efficiency calculation used to control and manage turns by comparing cost of goods sold and average inventory in an equation. The inventory turnover ratio indicates how fast a company’s inventory is selling. In other words, they show how many times in a year company has sold its complete inventory and replenished it in a year. What is the formula for calculating the Inventory Turnover Ratio? I calculate the inventory turnover by using the cost of goods sold.I use the cost of goods sold because inventory is in the general ledger at its cost and it is reported on the balance sheet at cost. It is not the same thing as an income statement, which provides a snapshot of a company’s financial performance over a specified period of time. Alternatively, inventory turnover may be calculated based on the closing inventories balance where the opening inventories balance is not available or where the inventories balance has not changed significantly over the period. Inventory is one of the biggest assets a retailer reports on its balance sheet. If this inventory can’t be sold, it is worthless to the company. Your task would be possible only in the simplest of situations that are rare in practice. The inventory turnover ratio, also known as the stock turnover ratio, is an efficiency ratio that measures how efficiently inventory Inventory Inventory is a current asset account found on the balance sheet, consisting of all raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods that a company has accumulated. In this calculation, you find out the number of days it takes the company to sell its entire inventory. A high turnover ratio indicates managerial efficiency. Determining sales turnover using your company's financial statements is an easy ratio to calculate by directly measuring inventory turnover ratio; it consists of using your balance sheet and income statement to assess inventory and cost of goods sold, often referred to as cost of revenue. Inventory turnover ratio can affect your ability to get approved for a loan: Inventory is typically the most valuable asset on your balance sheet. Inventory is a balance sheet item that tracks goods available for sale. As a result, banks tend to accept it as collateral for a small business loan , provided you can turn the inventory during in a short period of time. Subsequently, one may also ask, where is turnover on a balance sheet? A company can then divide the days in the period by the inventory turnover formula to calculate the days it takes to sell the inventory on hand. How do you calculate it? The values of beginning and ending inventories appear on a business’ balance sheets at the start and at the end of the accounting period. When calculating inventory turnover, do you use sales or the cost of goods sold? The inventory turnover ratio measures how often a company moves its inventory out of its warehouse and stores to its customers. It will be shown in the credit side of the Profit & Loss account. 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